Types Of Knee Replacement Surgeries available in India?

Knee Replacement Surgery, also known as Knee Arthroplasty, is a common orthopedic procedure performed to alleviate pain and improve the quality of life for individuals with severe knee joint issues. With various options available, choosing the most suitable type of knee replacement surgery can be a critical decision. In this blog, we will explore the types of knee replacement surgeries and discuss which one tends to be the most successful.We are explaining Types Of Knee Replacement Surgeries or Types of Knee Arthroplasty available in India as below.

Different Types of Knee Replacement Surgery

1.Total Knee Replacement (TKR)

Total knee replacement, also known as total knee arthroplasty, is the most common type of knee replacement surgery. It involves replacing the entire knee joint with an artificial prosthesis. The prosthetic components consist of metal and plastic, which mimic the natural joint’s function. TKR is usually recommended for individuals with advanced osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other degenerative joint conditions affecting the entire knee.

2.Partial Knee Replacement (PKR)

In a partial knee replacement, only a part of the knee joint is replaced. This option is suitable for patients with localized damage in a specific compartment of the knee. PKR can offer advantages such as quicker recovery, less bone removal, and preservation of healthy tissue. However, it may not be suitable for everyone, as it requires precise patient selection.

3.Bilateral knee replacement

Bilateral knee replacement involves the simultaneous replacement of both knees during one surgical procedure. This approach is often recommended for individuals with bilateral knee joint problems. It can be an efficient way to restore mobility and improve the overall quality of life for patients with significant knee issues in both legs.

4.Minimally invasive knee replacement

Minimally invasive knee replacement is a technique that involves smaller incisions and less tissue disruption compared to traditional knee replacement procedures. This approach aims to reduce scarring and potentially speed up recovery. It can be an option for patients who prefer less invasive surgery, but it may not be suitable for all cases.

5.Robotic-Assisted Knee Replacement

Robotic-assisted knee replacement surgery incorporates advanced technology to enhance the precision and accuracy of the procedure. The surgeon uses robotic guidance systems to plan and execute the surgery, ensuring optimal implant placement and alignment. This approach may lead to improved outcomes and faster recovery for some patients.

As above, There are different Types of knee replacement surgeries available in India.

Success Factors in Types of Knee Replacement

The success of knee replacement surgery depends on various factors, including-

1.Patient Selection

The choice of the most appropriate knee replacement type should be tailored to the patient’s specific condition, age, activity level, and overall health.

2.Surgical Method

The expertise and experience of the orthopedic surgeon play a significant role in the success of the surgery.


Post-operative rehabilitation and physical therapy are essential for a successful recovery. Compliance with rehabilitation protocols is crucial.

4.Implant Materials and Design

The quality and durability of the prosthetic components used in the surgery impact long-term success.

5.Post-Operative Maintenance

Appropriate follow-up care, including pain management, monitoring for complications, and regular check-ups, is essential for success.


Knee Surgery Types, also known as Knee Operation Types, encompass a range of options to address knee joint issues. These Types of Knee Arthroplasty include Total Knee Replacement (TKR), Partial Knee Replacement (PKR), Bilateral Knee Replacement, Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement, and Robotic Knee Replacement. 

The choice of knee replacement surgery varies by patient, with personalized decisions made in consultation with orthopedic specialists. While minimally invasive total knee replacement is common and effective, Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery offers unparalleled precision and faster recovery. Its benefits include minimal tissue damage, reduced scarring, and improved long-term outcomes, promising a brighter, more mobile future for those considering knee replacement.

If you’re seeking a skilled Knee Replacement Surgeon in Thane, look no further than Dr. Bakul Arora at Arora Clinic. Dr. Bakul Arora specializes in Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery, offering cutting-edge Orthopaedic Surgery in Thane. His expertise & experience in Robotic Surgery makes him the best Robotic knee replacement surgeon in Thane. Visit Arora Clinic, a trusted destination for those in need of advanced knee care.

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Thank You "Times Group" for felicitating Arora Clinic for "Excellence in Patient Care"

We are really honored to receive this and we will continue to serve the society better than ever We aim to provide the world-class Knee/Hip Replacement Surgical (Minimal Invasive Surgery) treatment to every patient suffering from knee or hip pain and at the same time make their life pain-free and happy.

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Dr. Bakul Arora’s Joint Replacement Clinic is also known as “Arora Clinic” which is located at Hiranandani Meadows in Thane, within a very convenient proximity to Mumbai. Arora Clinic dedicated clinic for Knee Replacement surgery and all kinds of Orthopaedic treatments and surgeries

The Arora Clinic is one of the most advanced Orthopaedic clinic in Thane region and dedicated to providing the best, personalised healthcare with a breadth of surgical and medical expertise. Arora Clinic offers the modern surgical treatments like “Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery” which is also called as “PAIN-LESS SURGERY” for any complex knee diseases.

About Surgeon

Dr. Bakul Arora is a Consultant Joint Replacement & Orthopaedic Surgeon is one of the leading Knee Replacement Surgeon in Thane and Mumbai with over 4000+ successfully surgeries. Dr. Bakul Arora specialises in Mini-invasive techniques which offer multiple benefits to patients. He does the surgery using Subvastus approach for Knee Replacement surgery and Direct Anterior Approach for Hip replacement Surgery . This new techniques has many advantages for patients like its pain-less , stich-less surgery, patients walks on the same day after surgery, no blood loss, faster recovery etc.

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    Knee replacement is required for advanced arthritis of the knee joint, producing painful limitation of movements and restriction in activities of daily living. Knee replacement as a solution should be offered when all non–surgical methods of treatment failed and painkiller medicines and injections also failed to reduce the Knee and hip pains.

    Knee replacement can be total or unicondylar, depending on the number of compartments involved. Among the total knee replacement, there are two popular designs- Cruciate Retaining, and Posterior Stabilized. The decision for the design is best taken by the operating orthopedic surgeon based on the integrity of ligaments. Patella resurfacing as a routine is a debatable subject.

    Yes, most knee replacement surgeries are minimally invasive, with numerous benefits to the patient, including smaller incisions, less tissue trauma, bleeding and post–operative pain, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery, and earlier return to work and activities — in weeks rather than months. Advantages of Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery. Patients Start walking in few hours of surgery. Patients start climbing the staircase from second day of his surgery. Patients Discharge with in 3 Days from the Hospital after surgery. No blood loss during the surgery, no blood Transfusion required. Less Physiotherapy.( No Physiotherapist required for home) Less Antibiotic. Stitchless Surgery. Recovery time is just two – three week.

    Bilateral knee replacement in the same sitting, can be performed if both the knee joints are damaged to the same extent, however, the medical condition of the patient, and bone quality must be kept in consideration.

    Surgery through Minimally Invasive technique patients start walking on the same day and staircase climbing starts from the second day of surgery. Patients can resume his work after 3 – 4 week.

    The most significant risks include Infection, Deep vein thrombosis,and Aseptic loosening of implants. The risks correlate with the co-morbid medical condition, and must be discussed with the patient before surgery.

    Patients normally require hospitalization for 3-4 days in single knee replacement, and up to 5-6 days in both knee replacement surgery

    A single knee replacement takes approximately 90 min- 2 hours. Both knee replacement surgery takes approx 2-3 hours.

    Years ago, knee replacement surgery was reserved for elderly patients due to a high complication rate and lack of implant durability. Modern techniques have allowed orthopaedic surgeons to base surgical decisions on a patient’s pain and disability, and not necessarily chronological age. Most patients who undergo knee replacement are between the ages of 50 and 80, but surgeons evaluate patients individually and primarily on their physiologic age and demands.

    Patients can resume his/her light work after discharge from the hospital, no need for rest.

    Patients are given epidural anesthesia for surgery, and post op pain relief. They are expected to follow instruction from physiotherapist regarding muscle training.

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